the early history of the Department of Botany, there were no faculty
members working with benthic marine algae, except for Mrs. Miriam
Armstead (see Miriam Ashton). She had taken a course at Woods Hole,
Massachusetts, given by William Randolph Taylor and was an instructor
in the Department. She donated a small collection of marine algae
that she had collected at Woods Hole to the Department Herbarium.
This was the nucleus of the Phycological Collection. In the early
1940s Andrew Hutchinson (Head of the Department), John Davidson and
R. W. Pillsbury were interested in the benthic marine algae and obtained
some field support from commercial sources interested in agarophytes.
In the course of their work, a few specimens were added to the Phycological
Collection. As an undergraduate (1946-1948) and graduate student (1948)
at U.B.C., Robert F. Scagel collected marine algae at a number of
sites in British Columbia and northern Washington; these collections
were eventually deposited in the Phycological Collection.
When Robert Scagel was appointed to the Department in 1952, after
completing a Ph.D. at the University of California, the Phycological
Collection occupied less than a full standard herbarium case.
strength of the U.B.C. Phycological Collection is primarily in the
northeast Pacific, where its holdings represent the most comprehensive
of any Herbarium. During the course of Robert Scagel’s academic
career (1952-1986) and assisted by graduate students and postdoctoral
fellows carrying out research on benthic marine algae, Scagel oversaw
the expansion of the Phycological Herbarium to its present size of
over 67,000 specimens. During this period, with support from U.B.C.,
the National Research Council of Canada (NSERC), the Defence Research
Board of Canada, the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, the Provincial
Fisheries Department, the B. C. Research Council and the National
Science Foundation (U.S.), collecting activities were carried out
all along the Pacific Coast from central California to Alaska, including
the Aleutian Islands as far west as Attu Island. Collections from
these surveys were deposited in the Phycological Collection at U.B.C.
The Alaska representation in the Phycological Collection has been
significantly augmented since 1986 by donations from Sandra Lindstrom.
In addition, smaller collections made UBC Botanists in Australia,
New Zealand, Hawaii, Mauritius, East Africa and Japan and frequent
exchanges with other institutions have expanded the geographic breadth
of the Collection.
The algae collection is arranged taxonomically by phylum. Within
each phylum, the specimens are ordered alphabetically by genus then
species. Each species is then arranged in order by geographical
regions within each herbarium folder.
The UBC Herbarium Algal database is complete and includes label information for all accessioned
specimens in our Algal collection. Most of the data has not yet been edited for typographical errors. Even though specimens
have been annotated for nomenclatural and taxonomic changes in the last 20 years, most database entries have not been edited
for nomenclatural and taxonomic changes since the data were entered. There are currently over 67,000 specimens databased, with
new additions each year.
the UBC Herbarium Algal Database:
||Paul W. Gabrielson, Sandra C. Lindstrom, and Charles J. O’Kelly. 2012. Keys to the Seaweeds and Seagrasses of Southeast
Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon. Phycological
Contribution Number 8. PhycoID. iv + 192 pp.
the Order Form.
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||R. F. Scagel, P. W. Gabrielson,
D. J. Garbary, L. Golden, M. W. Hawkes, S. C. Lindstrom, J.
C. Oliveira and T. B. Widdowson. 1989 [ Reprinted 1993 with
minor changes]. A Synopsis of the Benthic Marine Algae of British
Columbia, Southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon. Phycological
Contribution Number 3. Department of Botany, University of British
Columbia. vi + 535 pp.
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